2715 RT 44, Millbrook NY, 12545
(845) 677-8011 ext. 3
dutch@dutchessswcd.org

Evergreens/Conifers

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

E= Erosion Control

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T = Timber/Wood



Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)

Conservation practices: C, H, N, T

Soil: Well drained

Growth rate: Fast

Sun: Full

Description: Forms a large tree (50- 80’) with a very straight trunk. Soft 2-4” long needles, ranging in color from blue-green. Produces thick scaled cones. The tree forms a good natural screen, but is sensitive to salt.

Uses: Aside from making a good Christmas Tree, it may be used as an ornamental, and is good for screens and hedges.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet



Northern White Cedar: (Thuja occidentalis)

Conservation practices: H, N

Soil: Wet – Moist

Growth Rate: Slow

Sun: Full

Description: A small/medium sized tree grows in an arrow-like/pyramid-like shape with a broad base and a small, rounded top.

Uses: Typically used as a windbreak or hedges.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet



Norway Spruce (Picea abies)

Conservation practices: C, H, T

Soil: Well drained moist, acidic

Growth Rate: Moderate

Sun: Full

Description: A medium to large tree with conical form, with horizontal to upward sweeping branches that have drooping branches. Evergreen, shiny deep green needles with a sharp pointed tip. Produces large cones.

Uses: May be used as an ornamental, makes a good screen and can be used for timber. This tree is very adaptable and is typically deer resistant.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet



White Spruce: (Picea glauca)

Conservation practices: C, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth Rate: Moderate

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Forms a medium sized conical shaped tree. Has small stiff green to gray-green needles that when crushed a pungent odor is apparent. Needle tips are pointed, but not sharp.

Uses: May be used as a Christmas tree, windbreak or hedges. This tree is typically deer resistant.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet