2715 RT 44, Millbrook NY, 12545
(845) 677-8011 ext. 3
dutch@dutchessswcd.org

Habitat Variety Packs

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

E= Erosion Control

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T = Timber/Wood

Each pack contains a total of 10 seedlings. Two of each of the 5 different species below.

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White Flowering Dogwood (Cornus floridia)

Conservation practices: H, N

Soil: Acidic, Moist, Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow

Sun: Full to partial

Description: Small tree (20-30’) with a short trunk, low branches, and a rounded flat-topped crown. Known for its large white flower with 4 petals that blossoms in early spring. Produces shiny red oval fruit that mature in the fall.

Uses: Can be used as a soil improver. Its leaf litter decomposes more rapidly than
most other species. This plant has been planted on abandoned strip mines
and used for urban forestry projects

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

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Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth Rate: Fast

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Forms a large (5-12′) multi-stemmed shrub/small tree. Small white flowers appear in the summer and small purple berrylike drupes mature in late summer. It tolerates a wide variety of soils and roadside conditions.

Uses: The fruit is attractive to wildlife and edible for humans. It can be used to make preserves, jellies, pies and wine.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

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Eastern Redbud (Cercis Canadensis)

Conservation Practices: H, N

Soil: Moist to well-drained

Growth Rate: Moderate

Sun: Full to partial

Description: Forms a large shrub or small tree up to 20-30’. With a shirt often twisted trunk and spreading branches. In early spring rose-pink flowers bloom appearing in clusters all along even older stems before the leaves. Flattened, brown, dry legumes, mature in late summer.

Uses: Attractive to wildlife. Can be used as an ornamental or for shrub borders.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

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Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago L.)

Conservation Practices: F,H,N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth Rate: Moderate

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Form: A large shrub or small tree reaching up to’, with an open crown and arching branches.It has small, white flowers occurring in round topped clusters that appear in spring. And dark blue, oval drupe fruit, up to 1/2 inch long, occurring in hanging clusters from red stems, that ripen in fall.

Uses: Can be used as shrub borders, taller barriers, hedges, and windbreaks. The fruit are eaten by many species of birds and wildlife and are edible to humans. Berries are edible raw or used in a variety of ways in beverages or baked goods.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

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Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)

Conservation Practice: F,H, N

Soil: Moist-Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow to Moderate

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Forms an upright multi-stemmed shrub typically 3-6’ feet tall.. In spring, the white flowers form clusters that are 2 to 2 ½ inches across. As the seasons progress, the trees turn a deep glossy green. In mid to late summer the fruit begins to form. The pea-sized fruit ripens and darkens to a purplish- black color.

Uses: The fruit is attractive to wildlife and edible to humans. Although the fruit is bitter raw, it makes excellent jellies, jams and juices. The berries also provide a natural red dye.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide