2715 RT 44, Millbrook NY, 12545
(845) 677-8011 ext. 3
dutch@dutchessswcd.org

Edible Berries and Nuts

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

E= Erosion Control

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T = Timber/Wood

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American Cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. americanum)

Conservation Practices: F, H, N

Soil: Wet to well-drained (not dry soils)

Growth rate: Moderate

Sun: Full to partial

Description: Forms a large (8-12) rounded shrub with dense arching stems. White clustering flowers appear in late spring/early summer and red berries that ripen in the fall. Great for wildlife and for making a tart preserve/sauce.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

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Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus var. darrow)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Moist – well drained

Growth rate: Medium

Sun: Full

Description: This plant produces large black fruit that is firm, fleshy, and sweet. Blackberry will produce over a long period of time. It is very hardy and heavy producer. The root systems of this plant have a great soil holding capacity.

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Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Fast

Sun: Full – Partial

Description: Forms a large (5-12′) multi-stemmed shrub/small tree. Small white flowers appear in the summer and small purple berrylike drupes mature in late summer. It tolerates a wide variety of soils and roadside conditions.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

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Filbert American (Corylus americana)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Moist, Well drained

Growth rate: Medium – fast

Sun: Full

Description: Forms a small (8-15′) multi-stemmed shrubby tree. The nut on this tree will mature in late September. It is pH adaptable and t prefers well-drained soils.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

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Raspberry (Rubus idaeus var. heritage red)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Fast

Sun: Full

Description: Forms small (3-5′) arching canes. Dark Green above and nearly white below. Bright red berries ripen in late summer. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees and flies. The plant is self-fertile. Good for jam and jellies.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide