2715 RT 44, Millbrook NY, 12545
(845) 677-8011 ext. 3
dutch@dutchessswcd.org

Edible Berries and Nuts

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

E= Erosion Control

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T = Timber/Wood

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Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus var. darrow)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Moist – Well drained

Growth rate: Moderate

Sun: Full

Description: This plant produces large black fruit that is firm, fleshy, and sweet. Blackberry will produce over a long period of time. It is very hardy and heavy producer. The root systems of this plant have a great soil holding capacity.

Uses: The fruit is attractive to wildlife and edible for humans. It can be used to make wine, liqueurs, jams, preserves, or syrups .

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Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Fast

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Forms a large (5-12′) multi-stemmed shrub/small tree. Small white flowers appear in the summer and small purple berrylike drupes mature in late summer. It tolerates a wide variety of soils and roadside conditions.

Uses: The fruit is attractive to wildlife and edible for humans. It can be used to make preserves, jellies, pies and wine.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

 

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Filbert American (Corylus americana)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Moist, Well drained

Growth rate: Medium – fast

Sun: Full

Description: Forms a small (8-15′) multi-stemmed shrubby tree. The nut on this tree will mature in late September. It is pH adaptable and t prefers well-drained soils.

Uses: The fruit/nut is attractive to wildlife and edible for humans.

Fact Sheet

 

USDA Plant Guide

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Raspberry (Rubus idaeus var. Boyne)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Fast

Sun: Full

Description: Forms small (3-5′) arching canes. Dark Green above and nearly white below. Bright red berries ripen in late summer. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees and flies. The plant is self-fertile.

Uses:  The fruit is attractive to wildlife and edible for humans. It is good for jam and jellies.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide