2715 RT 44, Millbrook NY, 12545
(845) 677-8011 ext. 3
dutch@dutchessswcd.org

Deciduous Trees

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

E= Erosion Control

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T = Timber/Wood

________________________________________________________________________________

Native Birch (Paper Birch) (Betula papyrifera)

Conservation practices: H, N, T

Soil: Moist, Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Medium

Sun: Full

Description: A medium sized tree (up to 50’) that forms pyramid shape, sometimes with an irregular crown. Often has several trunks and is a slender tree. Native birch has reddish brown bark on young stems that turns white, with peeling papery strips after 3 to 4 years.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

________________________________________________________________________________

Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)

Conservation Practice: F, H, N, T

Soil: Moist-Well Drained

Growth Rate: Moderate-Fast

Sun: Full

Description: Forms a medium to tall (up to 100’) tree with a dense elliptical crown. Widely known for its maple syrup production and classic maple leaf.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

________________________________________________________________________________

Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua)

Conservation Practice: H, N, T

Soil: Moist-Well Drained

Growth Rate: Moderate-Fast

Sun: Full

Description: A medium to large tree (50-60’) with a crown shaped cone. It is known for its unique star shaped leaves that turn vibrant red in the fall. Spiny “gumball” fruit which are woody brown spheres. Widely used as a wind break, a shade or street tree, and to stabilize water edges.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

________________________________________________________________________________

 

White Flowering Dogwood (Cornus floridia)

Conservation practices: H, N

Soil: Acidic, Moist, Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow

Sun: Full to partial

Description: Small tree (20-30’) with a short trunk, low branches, and a rounded flat-topped crown. Known for its large white flower with 4 petals that blossoms in early spring. Produces shiny red oval fruit that mature in the fall.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide


Back