2715 RT 44, Millbrook NY, 12545
(845) 677-8011 ext. 3
dutch@dutchessswcd.org

Deciduous Shrubs

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

E= Erosion Control

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T = Timber/Wood


 

Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Conservation practices: H

Soil: Well drained, moist

Growth rate: Moderate

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: A multi- stemmed, upright shrub, that typically grows to 8-12’.  Light purple/pink clusters of flowers appear in late spring. This plant is typically deer resistant.

Uses: Can be used as an ornamental, great for borders , hedges and screens.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide


Ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius)

Conservation Practices: H, N, E

Soil: Wide Tolerance

Growth Rate: Moderate

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Forms a large erect shrub, maturing to 5-10′. Grows well in poor soils and tough conditions, including stream banks. Creates a natural screen and provides erosion control. Great for wildlife.

Uses: Creates a natural screen, may be used to provide an outside row in windbreaks and provides erosion control. Great for wildlife.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide


Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago L.)

Conservation Practices: F,H,N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth Rate: Moderate

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Forms a large shrub or small tree reaching up to 10′, with an open crown and arching branches. It has small, white flowers occurring in round topped clusters that appear in spring. And dark blue, oval drupe fruit, up to 1/2 inch long, occurring in hanging clusters from red stems, that ripen in fall.

Uses: Can be used as shrub borders, taller barriers, hedges, and windbreaks. The fruit are eaten by many species of birds and wildlife and are edible to humans. Berries are edible raw or used in a variety of ways in beverages or baked goods.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide


Redosier Dogwood (Cornus stolinifera)

Conservation practices: H, N, E

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Fast

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Forms a small to medium sized multi-stemmed shrub. It has a red stem and white clustering that mature in late summer-fall. It grows best in wet or swampy conditions. It is also a great structure for holding soil on slopped areas.

Uses: Good for streambank protection and wildlife habitat and also can be an ornamental or border plant.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide


Spice Bush (Lindera benzoin)

Conservation Practices: H

Soil: Well drained, Moist

Growth Rate: Slow to Moderate

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: A large (8-12’) shrub with several stems, usually rounded in shape. Leaves have a strong spicy odor when crushed. Numerous small yellow flower clusters appear before the leaves in early spring, and bright red drupe when ripe (green before ripening) with a peppery taste and scent, maturing in fall.

Uses: May be used as a shrub border, and does well in shade or woodland gardens.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide


Witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

Conservation practices: H

Soil: Moist to wide tolerance

Growth rate: Slow to Moderate

Sun: Full to Partial

Description: Forms a dense (12-15) shrub with arching multi-stemmed branches. Woody, brown capsule fruit mature in late summer and bright yellow flowers emerge mid to late fall.

Fact Sheet

USDA Plant Guide

 


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