2715 RT 44, Millbrook NY, 12545
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dutch@dutchessswcd.org

Evergreens/Conifers

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

E= Erosion Control

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T = Timber/Wood


Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

Conservation Practices: C, H, N, T

Soil: Acidic, Moist, Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow

Sun: Full to partial

Description: Forms a small to medium tree. Needles are shiny dark green above and silvery blue below. Produces small resinous cones. Popular Christmas tree. Very fragrant and wildlife rely extensively on this tree for food and shelter.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet

 


Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)

Conservation practices: C, H, N, T

Soil: Well drained

Growth rate: Fast

Sun: Full

Description: Forms a large tree (50- 80’) with a very straight trunk. Soft 2-4” long needles, ranging in color from blue-green. Produces thick scaled cones. The tree forms a good natural screen, but is sensitive to salt.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet


Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens)

Conservation Practices: C, H, N, T

Soil: Well drained

Growth Rate: Medium

Sun: Full

Description: Is typically the most sought-after evergreen. Forms a medium to large (30-60’) pyramid shaped tree. Evergreen needles are long, stiff and very sharp. Good natural screen and produces light brown 2 -4” cones. Often grown in parks and gardens.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet


Norway Spruce (Picea abies)

Conservation practices: C, H, T

Soil: Well drained moist, acidic

Growth Rate: Medium

Sun: Full

Description: A medium to large tree with conical form, with horizontal to upward sweeping branches that have drooping branches. Evergreen, shiny deep green needles with a sharp pointed tip. Produces large cones.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet


White Spruce: (Picea glauca)

Conservation practices: C, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth Rate: Medium

Sun: Full to partial

Description: Forms a medium sized conical shaped tree. Has small stiff green to gray-green needles that when crushed a pungent odor is apparent. Needle tips are pointed, but not sharp.

Plant Guide

USDA Fact Sheet