Edible Berries and Nuts

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food for Wildlife

N = Native

T =  Timber

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Blackberry

(Rubus fruticosus v. darrow)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Moist, Well drained
Growth rate: Medium
Description: This plant produces large black fruit that is firm, fleshy, and sweet. Blackberry will produce over a long period of time. It is very hardy and heavy producer. The root systems of this plant have a great soil holding capacity.

 

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Elderberry

(Sambucus canadensis)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Fast

Description: 5-12′ multi-stemmed shrub. In mid-June it has white flowers and in mid-August it has purple fruit. Elderberry tolerates soils and roadside conditions.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=85

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_sanic4.pdf

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Raspberry

(Rubus idaeus v. heritage red)

Conservation practices: F,H, N

Decription: 3-5′ Dark Green Foliage on an upright bush, producing bright berries.  Bloom time late spring, fruit begins to ripen in mid summer. Full sun required. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees and flies. The plant is self-fertile. Good for jam and jellies.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=424

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_ruid.pdf

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Filbert American

(Corylus americana)

Conservation practices: F, H,  N

Soil: Moist, Well drained

Growth rate: Medium – fast

Description: 8-15′ multistemmed  shrubby tree. The nut on this tree will mature in late September. American  Filbert is pH adaptable, but prefers well-drained soils.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=208

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_coam3.pdf

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American Cranberry

(Viburnum opulus var. americanum)

Conservation Practices: F,H, N

Soil: Wet to well-drained (not dry soils)

Growth rate: Moderate

Description: 8-12′ multi-stemmed shrub. 3″ creamy white flowers during May and June. Red berries that ripen in September and October. Great for wildlife and a tart preserve/sauce.

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VIOPA2

https://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_viopa2.pdf

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=267