Fruit and Nut Trees

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food for Wildlife

N = Native

T =  Timber

_____________________________________________________________

 

 

Fruit Trees

 

pear

Seckel Pear

Conservation Practices:H, F

Soil: Wide Tolerance

Growth Rate: Moderate

Description: Grows best in full sun. Prefers well drained soils. Medium sized, yellow, aromatic fruit in mid-season (August-September). Requires another species for pollination in order to produce fruit (such as Clapp’s Pear).

 

Clapp’s Pear

Conservation Practices: H, F

Soil:Wide Tolerance, Prefers well-drained

Growth Rate: Moderate

Description: Grows best in full sun. Large sized, yellow pears with a red cheek, ripens in late August. Requires another species for pollination in order to produce fruit (such as Seckel Pear).

apple

Honeycrisp Apple

Conservation Practices: H,F

Soil: Wide Tolerance

Growth Rate: Medium

Description: Grows best in full to partial sun. Prefers well drained soils. Requires another species for pollination.

 


Edible Berries and Nuts 
blackberry
Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus v. darrow)

Conservation practices: F, H, N

Soil: Moist, Well drained
Growth rate: Medium
Description: This plant produces large black fruit that is firm, fleshy,  and sweet. Blackberry will produce over a long period of time. It is a very  hardy and heavy producer. The root systems of this plant have great soil holding  capacity.

elderberry

Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

Conservation practices: H, N, F

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Fast

Description: 5-12′ multi-stemmed shrub. In mid-June it has white flowers and in mid-August it has purple fruit. Elderberry tolerates soils and roadside conditions.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=85

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_sanic4.pdf

 

rasberry
Raspberry:(Rubus idaeus v. latham)

Conservation practices: F,H, N

Decription: 3-5′ Dark Green Foliage on an upright bush, producing bright berries.  Bloom time late spring, fruit begins to ripen in mid summer. Full sun required. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees and flies. The plant is self-fertile. Good for jam and jellies.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=424

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_ruid.pdf

 

AmericanFilbert
Filbert American: (Corylus americana)

Conservation practices: F, H,  N

Soil: Moist, Well drained

Growth rate: Medium – fast

Description: 8-15′ multistemmed  shrubby tree. The nut on this tree will mature in late September. American  Filbert is pH adaptable, but prefers well-drained soils.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=208

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_coam3.pdf

 

 

American Cranberry: (Viburnum opulus var. americanum)

Conservation Practices: F,H,N

Soil: Wet to well-drained (not dry soils)

Growth rate: Moderate

Description: 8-12′ multi-stemmed shrub. 3″ creamy white flowers during May and June. Red berries that ripen in September and October. Great for wildlife and a tart preserve/sauce.

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VIOPA2

https://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_viopa2.pdf

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=267