Deciduous Trees

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T =  Timber

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Native Birch (paper)

(Betula  papyrifera)

Conservation  practices: H, N, T

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Medium

Description: 50′ high, single or multi-stemmed slender tree. Native birch has white bark that will appear after 3 to 4 years. This tree will grow well in moist soils.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=14

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_bepa.pdf

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River Birch

(Betula  nigra)

Conservation  practices: H, N, T

Soil: Moist acidic soils

Growth rate: Medium

Description: 40′-70′ height with a spread that is similar to its height, medium to fast growth rate. The color of the exposed inner bark ranges from gray to cinnamon to reddish browns. This tree will develop best in moist fertile areas.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=13

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_beni.pdf

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White Flowering Dogwood

(Cornus floridia)

Conservation practices: H,  N

Soil: Acidic, Moist, Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow

Description: Small deciduous tree, usually 20-30′ height with a similar canopy spread. Known for its large white flower with 4 petals that blossoms in early spring.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=44

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_cofl2.pdf

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Sugar Maple

(Acer saccharum)

Conservation Practice: F, H, N, T

Soil: Moist-Well Drained

Growth Rate: Moderate-Fast

Description: Up to 100′ tall tree with brown to gray textured bark. Widely known for its maple syrup production and classic maple leaf.

https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_acsa3.pdf

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=2

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Sweet Gum

(Liquidambar styraciflua)

Conservation Practice: H, N, T

Soil: Moist-Well Drained

Growth Rate: Moderate-Fast

Description: Usually 50-60′ tall in the northern range, with a crown that is cone shaped. Known for its unique star shaped leaves that turn vibrant red in the fall. Widely used as a wind break, a shade or street tree, and to stabilize water edges.

https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_list2.pdf

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=53


 

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