Deciduous Trees


C = Christmas Tree

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T =  Timber




Native Birch (paper): (Betula  papyrifera)

Conservation  practices: T, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Medium

Description: 50′ high, single or multi-stemmed slender tree. Native birch has white bark that will appear after 3 to 4 years. This tree will grow well in moist soils.




River Birch: (Betula  nigra)

Conservation  practices: H, N, T

Soil: Moist acidic soils

Growth rate: Medium

Description: 40′-70′ height with a spread that is similar to its height. River birch has a medium to fast growth rate. The color of the exposed inner bark ranges from gray to cinnamon to reddish browns. This tree will develop best in moist fertile areas.



Red Maple: (Acer rubrum)

Conservation  practices: H, N, T

Soil: Wide Tolerance

Growth rate: Moderate

Description: 50-90’high, narrow rounded crown.  Prefers wet to well-drained soils.  Brilliant fall leaf colors and decent growth rate.



Sycamore (Planatus occidentalis)

Conservation Practices: N, H

Soil: Moist, Wide Tolerance

Growth Rate: Fast

Description: Grows best in full sun. Matures up to 75′-100′. As it matures the bark exfoliates and turns white. Use along streams, in groves, or singularly.  Produces nuts in late fall/early winter.




White Flowering Dogwood:(Cornus floridia)

Conservation practices: H,  N, T

Soil: Acidic, Moist, Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow

Description: It is the aristocrat of native flowering trees, with excellent show of white blossoms  in spring, and bright red berries in fall and winter. It is planted as a  specimen, near a patio, or in groupings. Low branching tree that spreads  horizontally and has a semi-rounded top. Does best in sun to part shade. Does  best in well-drained acid soil with sufficient organic matter. Mulch to maintain  a cool, moist soil. Needs summer water. One of the showiest native trees. The  flowers unfold from the round, conspicuous, gray winter flower buds before the  leaves come out. The white or pink flower bracts are showy and often thought to  be the petals of the flower, they open in May. The fruit is a bright scarlet,  relished by birds, squirrels, and other animals, which often eat the fruit  before it colors and matures, usually between September and November. The wood  is hard, heavy, strong, very close-grained, and brown to red in color.