Deciduous Trees


C = Christmas Tree

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native

T =  Timber




Native Birch (paper): (Betula  papyrifera)

Conservation  practices: T, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Medium

Description: 50′ high, single or multi-stemmed slender tree. Native birch has white bark that will appear after 3 to 4 years. This tree will grow well in moist soils.




River Birch: (Betula  nigra)

Conservation  practices: H, N, T

Soil: Moist acidic soils

Growth rate: Medium

Description: 40′-70′ height with a spread that is similar to its height, medium to fast growth rate. The color of the exposed inner bark ranges from gray to cinnamon to reddish browns. This tree will develop best in moist fertile areas.




Red Maple: (Acer rubrum)

Conservation  practices: H, N, T

Soil: Wide Tolerance

Growth rate: Moderate

Description: 50-90’high, narrow rounded crown.  Prefers wet to well-drained soils.  Brilliant fall leaf colors and decent growth rate.



Sycamore (Planatus occidentalis)

Conservation Practices: N, H

Soil: Moist, Wide Tolerance

Growth Rate: Fast

Description: Grows best in full sun. Matures up to 75′-100′. As it matures the bark exfoliates and turns white. Use along streams, in groves, or singularly.  Produces nuts in late fall/early winter.




White Flowering Dogwood:(Cornus floridia)

Conservation practices: H,  N, T

Soil: Acidic, Moist, Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow