Conifers

 

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native 

T = Timber

 


bluespruce
Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea Pungens Glauca)

Conservation Practices: C, T, H

Soil: Well drained

Growth Rate: Medium

Description: 30-60′ tall, most sought after evergreen. Blue-green color and pyramidal shape. Good screen, flower and cones similar to Colorado Spruce. Grown in parks and gardens.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=109

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_pipu.pdf

 

 

white pine

Eastern White Pine                                                                                                            

(Pinus strobus)                                                                                                         

Conservation  practices: C, T, H, N

Soil: Well drained

Growth rate: Fast

Description: Height 50-80 feet. Soft needles  ranging in color from blue – green,  2-4 inch long. Sensitive to salt. Very  good screen.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=111

http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_pist.pdf

 

 

norwayspruce

Norway Spruce: (Picea abies)

Conservation  practices: C,T H

Soil: Well drained moist, acidic

Growth rate: Medium

Description: Evergreen, stiff, 1/2 to 1 inch long. Needles are 4-angled but somewhat flattened, with a sharp pointed tip, shiny green. A medium to large tree with conical form, with horizontal to upward sweeping branches that have drooping branchlets.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=99

 

 

white spruce

White Spruce: (Picea glauca)

Conservation practices: C, T, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Medium

Description: Evergreen, stiff, 1/3 to 3/4 inch long, green to blue-green in color, square in cross section. When crushed a pungent odor is apparent. Needle tips are pointed, but not sharp. Conical, medium-sized trees.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=103

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_pigl.pdf

 

 

balsamfir

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

Conservation Practices:C, H, N

Soil : Acidic, Moist, Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow

Description: Grows best in full to partial sun. Popular Christmas tree. Fragrant. Wildlife rely extensively on this tree for food and shelter..

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=119

http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_abba.pdf


 

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