Conifers

 

PLANT USE KEY

C = Christmas Tree

F = Human Food

H = Habitat/Food Wildlife

N = Native 

T = Timber

 


Colorado Blue Spruce
(Picea Pungens Engelm)

 

Conservation Practices: C,H, N, T

Soil: Well drained

Growth Rate: Medium

Description: 30-60′ tall, most sought after evergreen. Blue-green color and pyramidal shape. Good screen, flower and cones similar to Colorado Spruce. Grown in parks and gardens.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=109

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_pipu.pdf

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Eastern White Pine                                                                                                            

(Pinus strobus)                                                                                                         

Conservation  practices: C, H, N, T

Soil: Well drained

Growth rate: Fast

Description: Height 50-80 feet. Soft needles, ranging in color from blue-green 2-4 inches long. Sensitive to salt. Very good screen. 

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=111

http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_pist.pdf

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Norway Spruce

(Picea abies)

Conservation  practices: C,H, T

Soil: Well drained moist, acidic

Growth rate: Medium

Description: Evergreen, stiff, 1/2 to 1 inch long. Needles are 4- angled, but somewhat flattened, with a pointed tip, shiny green. A medium to large tree with conical form, with horizontal to upward sweeping branches that have drooping branchlets.  

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=99

https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIAB

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White Spruce: (Picea glauca)

Conservation practices: C, H, N

Soil: Wide tolerance

Growth rate: Medium

Description: Evergreen, stiff, 1/3 to 3/4 inch long, green to blue-green in color, square in cross section. When crushed a pungent odor is apparent. Needle tips are pointed, but not sharp. Conical, medium-sized trees.

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=103

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_pigl.pdf

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Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

Conservation Practices:C, H, N, T

Soil : Acidic, Moist, Well Drained

Growth Rate: Slow

Description: Grows best in full to partial sun. Popular Christmas tree. Fragrant. Wildlife rely extensively on this tree for food and shelter..

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=119

http://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_abba.pdf


 

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